Having grown a cupola at least once in your area, having appreciated how harmoniously it looks in flower arrangements, you are unlikely to give up this perennial. The advantage of it gives minimal care. It is enough to bring compost or leaf humus when planting in the soil, so that all the remaining vegetation time just admire the plant, watering as needed. However, it is worth deciding in advance on which of the varieties to choose, since they are different in color and in the decorative nature of the green part of the plant. Next, we will talk about the most popular types of kupeny that are grown in our strip.
- Nude naked
- Fragrant kupena (medicinal)
- Caucasian kupena
- Kupena many-flowered
- Kupena squat (low)
- Koupena is plentiful -
- Kupena is hollow
- Narrow-leaved kupena
- Siberian kupena
- Pink crown
- Kupena broadleaf
The habitat of this variety is the forests of the Caucasus. You can find it in the thick of the forest, and on the edges, among shrubs up to the middle mountain belt. It has a thick rhizome in the form of a rosary, from which grows a long, up to 60 cm, faceted stem.In the basal part, it has a slightly reddish color, but the rest is green. Almost alternate leaves grow alternately on it. They are located on both sides of the leaf cutting and reach 6 cm in width and 15 cm in length. From the bottom they are bare and gray, and from above they are green (closer to the base they have a red tint). On bare green stalks grows to two flowers. Perianth has up to 2.5 cm in length, bell-shaped and white in color. As a rule, in the middle it is slightly convex, has bent lanceolate greenish teeth. Stamens protrude from perianth, pistil longer than them. Flowers appear in late spring or early summer. At the end of flowering in their place are dark blue berries.
Fragrant kupena (medicinal)
Most often grown kupu drug, which on the green leaves has a white border. They grow up to 14 cm in length and 5 cm in width. Kupena grows up to 50 cm and is considered a medium layer. The upper part of the stem is not so strongly bent compared to other species. Gives white flowers that grow in pairs. They appear in late spring or early summer. At the end of flowering leaves dark blue berries. It grows wild in forest glades, on the slopes of small hills and mountains, in shady forests. Most often found in Japan, Mongolia, China, Siberia, the Mediterranean part of Europe and the Far East. Easily tolerates drought. Cultivated fragrant kupena since 1561.
The bare and faceted stem of this plant is 30 cm long. It has oblong lanceolate leaves that taper towards the base. On their lower side, the veins are visible, covered with short hairs. The leaves grow to 4.5 cm wide and 11 cm long. Flowers grow in two or four on bare stalks. White perianth slightly above the base narrows, and then expands. Flowering time - April - May. Caucasian kupena is an inhabitant of the mountain forests of Western Transcaucasia, Dagestan, Ciscaucasia, where spruce, fir, shrub, deciduous trees grow.You can find it in the subalpine zones, found in Asia Minor and the Balkan Peninsula.
This variety also likes shady and mixed forests, especially shrubs. Many-flowered kupna grows mainly in the middle and lower mountain belts of the Caucasus, the Himalayas, Europe, the Anterior, Minor and East Asia. The flower has an oblique stem that extends up to 90 cm in length, the leaves are formed from small, pointed oval-lanceolate leaves, alternately arranged on both sides of the leaf petiole. Below they have a gray-green shade. Grow up to 4.5 cm in width and 15 cm in length. In the axils of the leaves grows from 2 to 5 flowers with a white tubular perianth.It has pubescent and bent at the ends of the teeth. The flowering period is a month, the beginning of flowering is May-June. It has several hybrid forms, which are distinguished by green bracts, striped leaves, and pink double flowers. Also known as kupen pharmacy, since it has been used for medicinal purposes since the mid-15th century.
Kupena squat (low)
An unusual cultivar gives upright, faceted, bare stems that form a compact shrub up to 20 cm in length. In this case, the growth for the year gives a very small plant - up to 5 cm. The leaves of the plant are ovate or lanceolate, oblong, pubescent underneath, arranged alternately. Flowers appear in June and last about two weeks. It is a single white perianth up to 2.2 cm in length, with stamens protruding from the tube and an even longer pistil. The berries are dark blue.
Squat kupena grows in the south of Siberia, in Primorye, on Sakhalin, Urup, Iturup, Kunashir. You can also meet in Japan, Korea, China. Likes well-drained soil: bush thickets, plains, shores of the seas, mountain slopes.
Koupena is plentiful -
This variety prefers deciduous, fir and spruce forests, where it can be found among the shrubs and on the edges. Slightly less often the variety appears on the meadows in the subalpine and middle mountainous zones of Asia Minor, the Balkans, the Caucasus and the Crimea. Prefers moderately moist soils with moderate shading. Perennial cold-resistant, resistant to diseases and pests.
It has a thick root in the form of a rosary, which produces a bare, faceted stem of green color. In length, it stretches up to 50 cm and bends noticeably. The leaves of the plant are alternately arranged on two sides of the stem. They have an elongated lanceolate form, grow up to 5 cm in width and 9 cm in length. From the bottom of the sheets along the veins is papillary pubescence. Pedicels are also naked and green, holding from 2 to 5 small flowers. The plant has a white tubular with constriction perianth without bract. It has pubescent teeth, which are strongly bent to the sides.From the perianth stand stamens, also pubescent. Pistil less stamens. Flowering begins in mid-spring or early summer. Upon its completion dark blue berries are formed.
Kupena is hollow
Another variety whose natural habitat is the Caucasus mountain forests.
The variety is very similar to the whitewash. Only he has no pubescence on the lower surface of the leaf, and the leaves themselves are noticeably narrower and more pointed. Another feature is round, not faceted. Internodes closer to the top are becoming shorter. Pedicels grow from the axils of the leaves and produce 2-3 hanging flowers. They appear closer to the end of spring or the beginning of summer. After flowering, a black berry appears in their place. It grows in the coastal zone and in North China. It is possible to find this species among the bushes, in the meadows, sandy territory of the river floodplain.
In Northern China, Northern Mongolia and Eastern Siberia, Siberian bathing can be found. She prefers to grow in cold-temperate and warm-temperate zones.
It is characterized by a thick cord-shaped rhizome, from which grows a grainy stem up to 55 cm in length.Linear or lanceolate leaves grow in verticils, 0.5 cm wide and up to 8 cm long. At the end have a curl, and the bottom surface is bare. On bare green stalks there are two flowers with membranous bracts, which are preserved during flowering. The white tubular perianth is crowned with bent narrow lanceolate greenish teeth with light pubescence. It grows to 0.9 cm in length. Stamens with bare, knobby filaments do not protrude beyond. The pestle also does not look out, as it is shorter than the stamens. Flowering begins at the end of spring, and upon its completion a red berry is formed.
This type of plant is well known in Northwestern China, Tien Shan, Pamir-Alai, Southwestern Siberia. It mainly grows in mountainous deciduous or spruce forests, among shrubs.
It features a straight reddish-green stalk, which extends to 50 cm in height. The leaves are linear-lanceolate or simply lanceolate arranged in verticils of 4-6 pieces, but the lower ones can be opposite. Grow up to 2 cm in width and 15 cm in length. Bottom have a bluish shade, and along the veins - slight pubescence. In the axils of the leaves, flowers form mainly 2 each, but not more than 4. They have membranous falling bracts, a tubular perianth of a pink shade. On it are bent lanceolate narrow teeth. Flowering begins in May - June. When it ends, a red berry appears on the site of the flowers that are tied.
Broad-leaved flower variety comes from the forests of Asia Minor, Central Europe, and the European part of Russia. Broadlea kupena grows in height up to 50 cm. On slightly faceted stems, pointed, oblong leaves of ovate form. In their sinuses at the end of May appears from 1 to 4 drooping flowers with a white tubular perianth. After 20-25 days after the appearance of the flower fades, and in its place forms a black and blue berry.
The plant prefers sufficiently unfavorable conditions for other flowers: dense soil, strong shading. But at the same time it grows rapidly into dense thickets that grow from year to year.The broadleaf Kupena is considered the most drought tolerant variety of this species, therefore it is suitable for the driest soils.
Kupena is a beautiful plant that will decorate your garden not only with unusual flowers, but also with decorative leaves. At the end of flowering, the garden will benefit from the appearance of beautiful red, black or dark blue berries. You can grow a flower on the most barren soils, not too worried about caring for him. Even pests and diseases seldom overtake him. The only thing to remember is that all parts of the plant contain toxic substances.