At the beginning of the twentieth century, short-eared goats were brought to Mexico from the province of La Mancha - Spain. Already in 1930, they lived in the United States, Oregon. In subsequent years, the breeders began work with the aim of bringing new dairy breeds. In the course of the crossing of short-eared goats with Swiss, Nubians and other breeds, the scientists received a new unique species, which was named La Mancha. This highly productive breed is one of the best of its kind.
Goats Lamanchi are very appreciated around the world. With excellent results in productivity, they simply can not be ignored.
- 1. Appearance
- 2. Advantages
- 3. Disadvantages
- 4. Features
- 5. Productivity
- 6. Features breeding
This breed of goats is quite diverse. Goats are of medium size, strong build. For the most part, the torso is wedge-shaped. In withers height varies between goats - 71-75 cm, and goats - 75-95 cm.
The profile of this animal is straight. They can be hornless or horned. The color of the breed has a fairly diverse color: white, brown, black. They have a smooth, short and silky coat.Limbs strong enough and strong. Udder well developed.
The main distinguishing feature - short ears. They are of two types:
Ear "gopher": the outer ear seems to be "dried" because it is very small. It has no fold, and its maximum size is 2.5 cm.
Ear "elf" may have cartilage, its tip should be slightly raised or lowered down. The maximum length can reach 5 cm.
Probably, Lamanci goats are among the most resistant goats to the conditions of detention. They adapt to almost any conditions, without having this bad "goat's" smell.
The nature of these animals is beautiful: they are calm, tender and gentle. They are quite fond of the manifestation of the care owner. Kindness is the main quality that this breed possesses. An important trait of character that is not inherent in all types of goats is calm. This is probably an excellent quality for such an invaluable animal.
Disadvantages in the nature of the breed, in its behavior is very difficult to find, since they practically do not exist.The main disadvantage of La Mancha, people believe - this is its main feature - small ears.
Because of such a small size, it is almost impossible for animals of this species to attach a tag to their ears. As a result, people started marking them with a tattoo on that part of the tail that does not have hair.
In addition, the Roman nose, which is inherent and characteristic of the Nubian goat, can be considered a defect.
The nature of the goats of La Mancha is quite unique and not repeatable. Initially, this breed was bred for the purpose of synthesizing the best features of the Zaanen, Nubian, Alpine and Toggenburg breeds, with only very small and short ears.
In general, it can be noted that she perpetuated all the qualities of higher breeds in herself, ensuring herself widespread popularity and distribution throughout the world.
The weight of an adult goat - 60-70 kg, and goats - 55-65 kg. Sometimes, in quite rare cases, the weight of an individual goat can reach 100 kg or more. Lamancha goats are many-colored. The results of one goat can bring up to 5 kids.
The main feature of La Mancha is its milk.It was high and high-quality performance that guaranteed her success worldwide. Milk performance is excellent. The average milk yield per day is 4-5 liters, but sometimes it can reach up to 9 liters per day.
Milk is distinguished by its high taste. In addition, in the course of crossing with breeds that had different fat content of milk, an excellent wagon turned out - 4% fat, which is quite a big result.
In short, the breed of goats La Mancha has excellent dairy performance, therefore, occupies a high place among the other milk-bearing goats.
6. Features breeding
Despite the fastidiousness of this breed, its kind and tender attitude, adaptation to almost any conditions of detention, it is better to look after her like a person close to you.
This is explained by the fact that: the better you treat this goat, the better you feed it, clean and care for it, the more and the longer it will be able to produce high-quality, tasty milk.
This breed is widely popular not only in the USA and Spain, but also in Turkey, Iran, Latvia and Poland.
Based on the nature and characteristics of this animal, it is safe to say that La Mancha is a unique breed of goats.
In general, under any circumstances, if there is even the slightest chance to acquire La Mancha, you should not even think, but take the risk. Excellent character in combination with excellent productive qualities, both quantitative and excellent taste dairy products make this breed one of the best and perfect in our huge world.