All the nuances of growing pepper from seeds at home: preparation before planting and caring for seedlings

Sweet or Bulgarian pepper - the culture which is promptly gaining popularity. Tasty juicy fruits are indispensable in vegetable stews and side dishes, they are added to soups, meat dishes, salted and pickled.

The best peppers are grown on their own land, in the open field or in the greenhouse, and the cultivation of sweet pepper seedlings is also possible at home.

To get a good harvest, will have to try. Peppers are very sensitive to soil quality, temperature and moisture levels.

Today our topic is sweet pepper: sprouts, growing peppers of Bulgarian houses. Is it possible?

Preparing Bulgarian pepper seedlings for home and garden

Pepper belongs to tugovsya similar cultures, therefore propagate it better seedlings. Selected seeds are sown in peat pots or containers, they sprout for 8-10 days. Separate pots allow you to grow seedlings without picking. Young plants need abundant watering. Watering of sweet pepper seedlings is made with warm soft water.

It is necessary to place containers with seedlings in a warm and well-lit place, the container with sown seeds is covered with glass or film.

Seeding is usually done at the end of winter.. February sowing seedlings are gaining momentum at the time of transplantation into the heated soil. Plants very light and nutritious soil required. Purchased options will not work, such mixtures are too poor.

The best substrate is made up of old garden or sod land, humus or rotted compost, sand and ash. For disinfection the mixture must be ignited.

Seedlings need water twice a week. It is convenient to use a spray gun, it moisturizes the soil, avoiding stagnant moisture. After the formation of 2-3 true leaves of young plants can be fed with an aqueous solution of complex mineral fertilizers. A ash infusion rich in phosphorus and potassium will also be suitable as a top dressing.

The root system of peppers is very sensitive, therefore pickling seedlings is not recommended. The grown bushes are planted in a permanent place of residence directly in peat pots or moved by transfer.

Before planting plants need to harden. After the formation of the first sheets, the glass from the container covering the plants is removed.At first for some minutes, but gradually time of airing increases. When the sprouts get stronger, the containers can be carried out on the balcony or open the window.

The temperature should not fall below 15 degrees, the optimal mode - 20 degrees during the day and 18 at night.

In the photo below you can visually get acquainted with the seedlings of sweet (Bulgarian) pepper:

How to grow sweet pepper or Bulgarian seedlings?

Let's talk about growing sweet pepper from seeds at home.

Seedlings of bell peppers at home. It is desirable to place them on a window or a glazed loggia, on an open balcony the plants will be cool. They land in spacious tall pots or pots of at least 5 liters. In each laid out a layer of drainage and pre-prepared soil.

Sweet Pepper Seedlings doesn't like transplant too much. To mitigate the shock of moving help growth stimulants added to the water for irrigation. Water should be warm and soft, cold can cause growth retardation and even death of sprouts.

Important provide the right level of lighting. In the penumbra, young shoots are stretched, flowering slows down or stops altogether.The pots are set on a south window or a sunny loggia, on particularly hot days it is recommended to plant the plants.

To get the peppers needed oxygen the soil in the pot should be loosened at least once a week. Take care not to damage the roots located near the ground surface. To speed up the fruiting, fertilizing is recommended 2 times a month.

With the onset of flowering, watering is enhanced by combining it with top dressing. Peppers prefer alternation of organic and mineral complexes.

No need to form bushes. Plants do not tolerate damage to the branches, in addition, most modern varieties do not form excessive side shoots. Tall bushes are tied to supports and must be protected from the wind.

The collection of peppers begins when the fruits reach technical ripeness, become glossy, acquire a rich green color and the desired size. The bright red fruits of physiological ripeness are very tasty, but they should be consumed immediately after harvest.

The most popular varieties for experienced and beginners

When choosing varieties for cultivation, it is worth making a bet on tried and tested options, always receiving excellent reviews from gardeners.Each variety has special care features that need to be considered.

Hercules. The mid-season large-fruited grade suitable for an open ground and greenhouses. Forms compact bush, which can be placed in a pot or tub, exposed on the loggia. During fruit ripening the plant looks very decorative.

A small bush is covered with large glossy cubic peppers of different shades, from dark green to red. Fruits are juicy, not watery, pleasant to taste.. Seeds are best planted in February; seedlings are transported under the film in 50-60 days. The survival rate is good, the plants are almost not affected by pests, resistant to viruses. Peppers loves warmth, but they reconcile themselves with small temperature differences.

California miracle. Very popular variety. Fruits are early ripe, large, juicy, with a pleasant sweetish taste.. Productivity is high, from a bush it is possible to collect up to 2.5 kg of fruits. Peppers are suitable for canning and cooking any dishes, suitable for freezing.

The plant is very moisture-loving, reducing watering can cause a discharge of ovaries.

Watering increases during flowering, to maintain moisture the soil can be mulched or add a hydrogel to the soil. Seedlings have almost 100% survival., after transplanting in pots or greenhouses, it practically does not get sick.

Bogatyr. Large-fruited variety, forming high bushes. It can be grown in open ground, but the yield in the greenhouse is much higher. Suitable for planting in large vases, requires mandatory garter. Fruits are bright red, thick-walled, juicy.

The variety is suitable for canning and cooking any dishes, from snacks to soups. Sort characterized by stable yield, at each bush appears at least 15 ovaries. He is very picky about watering and nutritive soil, prefers alternation of organic and mineral fertilizers.

Vegetable lovers should not be limited to summer cultivation in greenhouses or in the ground. House peppers in pots also give an excellent harvest, with proper skills, you can achieve winter or early spring forcing, providing you with seven vitamins. Try different varieties and planting time, achieving the best yields and increasing the number of fruiting.

REFERENCE! Learn about different methods of growing peppers: in peat tablets, in open ground and even on toilet paper. Learn the cunning method of planting in a snail, as well as what diseases and pests can attack your seedlings?

Useful materials

Read other articles on pepper seedlings:

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  • The main reasons why the leaves are twisted at the shoots, the seedlings fall or stretch.
  • Terms of planting in the regions of Russia and features of cultivation in the Urals, in Siberia and the Moscow region.
  • Learn yeast based fertilizer recipes.