Despite the fact that the claret tree can often be confused with a weed, this plant has a number of useful medicinal properties and may well serve as a decorative grassy coating. In the article you will find practical recommendations for planting this plant, caring for it and further reproduction. In addition, below are several species of yasnotkovy with a description of their properties.
- Plant description
- Types and varieties
- Clear white
- Lilac Purple
- Little clear spotted
- Little greenseed or yellow light
- Seed method
- Vegetative method
- Top dressing
- Diseases and pests
- Application in landscape design
- Useful properties and contraindications
Lamiaceae belongs to the family Lamiaceae (Lamiaceae), or Sponge Flowers (Labiatae), and is a characteristic representative of this subspecies. It is most common in Eastern Europe, in which farmers are familiar with as a weed. This herb can be both annual and perennial. A characteristic feature of the plant, regardless of the type, is a silver stain in the middle of heavy toothed leaves.The stem of the ash tree is knotted and winds along the ground. The inflorescence is white, purple, pink flowers.
Types and varieties
Chaff is of several species, the plants differ not only in the color of the buds, but also in the shape of the leaves and even the list of healing properties. In its natural habitat, you can find a claret tree of all kinds: white, purple, spotted, green or yellow.
In total, there are more than 30 representatives of this family, some of them do not have medicinal properties, so you need to be careful when collecting.
Lambshell white is the most common member of the family Lambskin. Quite often, this grass can be confused with ordinary nettles, but, unlike this plant, the yasnotka does not have burning hairs. It grows mainly in well-humid places, including on the shores of ravines, where it forms dense thickets. On the territory of Eastern Europe, the White Yasnoka grows not only in forest and field massifs, but also in vegetable gardens, garden plots, where it displaces other plants.
For this reason, yarnotku try lime at the root.
White darling has found extensive use in medicine. The leaves of the white ash tree contain ascorbic acid and saponins. The latter are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry, where they serve as the basis for isolating a number of chemical preparations and even for drugs that contribute to the dilution of sputum.
Lamina purple, also popularly known as red nettle and shandra, differs from the previous member of the family only in its inflorescence of pale pink, less often in lilac. Occasionally, instead of a silver spot on the leaves of red nettle, spots of the same shade as the inflorescence can be seen, but somewhat darker.This can serve as an indicator of grass disease.
Lamia purpurea is often found in recipes of traditional medicine, its medicinal properties have been used in the manufacture of a variety of tinctures and rubbing.
Little clear spotted
Clear spotted has been a gardener for several years as an ornamental plant. This grass is valued for its unpretentiousness and thick formations that can cover the entire area with a green carpet. Visually, speckled claret is characterized by the presence of a spotted pattern along the edges of the corolla. There are several species of this plant, most of them differ in the color of the bud, but the prevailing color of this member of the family - purple.
Little greenseed or yellow light
It differs from the previous representatives of the Cluster family in the color of buds and the shape of the leaves. In yasnotki zelenchukovoe egg-shaped leaves, toothed along the edges,There is a fleecy coating. Often grows in coniferous thickets, also loves moisture.
Like the rest of the species, it is a honey plant. A clear green grass as an ornamental herb is unpretentious, but its healing properties are not as extensive as those of purple or white. Yasnotka has found its use both in pharmaceuticals and in gardening, however, some farmers and gardeners continue to fight this plant, like an evil weed.
White dwarf, for example, is often cut down due to its similarity with nettle, it was even called deaf nettle, but it follows from the description of this plant that it does not have burning properties.
In addition, representatives of this family can serve as an affordable and unpretentious way to decorate the site.
All members of the Cluster family are unpretentious in choosing the soil for planting. For this plant is perfect soil with low acidity, loam and sandstone. If, however, you plant a seedling on fertile land with good watering, then the bushes of this grass can grow uncontrollably. It is also not necessary to plant the seedling directly under the trees, as the leaves of the grass can get wet and start to rot.
Most species of yaronka are susceptible to reproduction by seed and vegetative methods.
In the first case, the seeds should be planted superficially, to a depth of a couple of centimeters. Older shoots should be thinned.
The grass begins to bloom after 2 years from the moment of sowing.
It is better to engage in dividing the shrub of the claret tree directly in early spring. To do this, dig a bush, divide it into several approximately different parts and plant it in different parts of the garden.
Representatives of the family of Yasnotkovyh are extremely unpretentious in their care; however, it is not worth completely neglecting the control over this plant. Otherwise, instead of a beautiful ornamental plant, you can get a dried shrub.
Let us dwell on how the care of such a flower as a yasnotka should be. After the grass planting has been completed, attention should be paid to watering, feeding and cutting the shoots.
Lamia prefers shadow or places with diffused light. Even ornamental species of this plant do not differ light-loving. Also, it is undesirable to clear the apple tree next to other flowers, as this grass dominates the plot.
It is the most expedient to feed the clematis with compost during flowering and in early spring.
It is necessary to cut off the plants of the family Yasnotkovyh after the shoots rise, during the flowering period and before the winter. After sowing, it is necessary to thin out the shoots of the ash tree in order to control the formation of an ornamental shrub.
In order for the plant to maintain an array of flowering, it is necessary to remove dried buds. Before the winter period, the claret tree is pruned, leaving 10-15 centimeters of stem.
Diseases and pests
Yasnotka is practically not subject to diseases common in the garden areas of Eastern Europe. In summer, the leaves of this plant may be affected by a spider mite or whitefly. However, with proper care, perennial species of the Yasnotkov family are easily surviving the attacks of pests.
Application in landscape design
There are several decorative species of ash trees. This herb has found its application not only in pharmaceuticals, but also in landscape design.
With the help of this plant, you can decorate certain areas or to cover the wasteland. The simplicity of the claret tree makes it possible to plant almost any area with this grass, and the presence of perennial species does not worry about the garden for the next season.
Useful properties and contraindications
All species of the herb of the Yasnotkovy family somehow have useful and even healing properties. So, for example, tannins are synthesized from the leaves of this plant, and flowers serve as a source of essential oils. Laminae are also a source of ascorbic acid, can act as an antiseptic and are known in folk medicine as a means for rubbing. They make infusions of clear white, this herb has expectorant, anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties, however, its therapeutic properties do not end there.
Lotions from this plant are used to stimulate wound healing and clean damaged tissues.
Gardeners habitually cut down the seedling, believing that this weed has no beneficial or healing properties, meanwhile this herb can also play the role of flooring or just become a tasty addition to the diet, but do not forget about contraindications.
The flowering of this plant is poorly tolerated by allergies, and ingestion of decoctions inside the body can cause nausea due to violation of the rules of distillation and the general toxicity of the plant. However, this list of contraindications to the use of yasnotki ends.