List of popular decorative trees for the garden with a description and photo

We encounter ornamental plants everywhere: on the street, in shops, offices and homes. Beautifully flowering trees are used for landscaping courtyards, parks, alleys, public places, offices, facades of buildings and lawns. Therefore, we decided to talk about the most popular ornamental plants, which will give the garden plot an incredible look.

  • Tuya Smaragd
  • Hanging birch
  • Juniper
  • Apple tree royalties
  • Maple
  • Chestnut
  • El Glauka
  • Acacia
  • Apple tree weeping
  • Willow

Tuya Smaragd

Western Thuja Smaragd is a very popular plant, which is actively used in the design of gardens. It has a luxurious cone-shaped shape and is able to decorate any park or garden. Tui Smaragd is recognized as the best of all varieties of garden trees with a conical crown. In natural conditions, the plant grows in North America, where it reaches a height of 20 meters.

In Europe, thuyu Smaragd is grown for the purpose of decorating the garden. The domesticated view is low (average height is 2.5 meters) with a half meter crown. Although, an adult tree can grow up to 5-6 meters.

The needles of Tui Smaragd are thick, beautifully sparkling in the sun.The crown is formed dense, with closely spaced branches. Thuja Smaragd does not change color, and remains green all year long, and during the fruiting period it throws out small brown oblong-shaped lumps.

Important! Smaragd loves the sun. In the shade and penumbra, the crown loses its attractiveness and becomes loose.

Thuja Smaragd is cold-resistant, likes fertile and moist soil, has good immunity to diseases and pests. In landscape design it is successfully used as a hedge or in a group planting.

Hanging birch

Under natural conditions, this tree grows in Western Europe, the Altai, the Caucasus and the European part of Russia. He likes mixed forests, swamps, empty pastures.

Hanging birch (or weeping, warty) differs from most trees for growing at the dacha the wrong ovate, translucent and loose crown. But, on the other hand, it compensates for its low soil consumption, drought, frost resistance and longevity (90-150 years).

The decorative nature of birch hanging is preserved all year round: it looks great both in a green outfit and in a snowy “fur coat”.

The trunk of a birch is smooth, white, with deep cracks and grooves. The branches are drooping, thickly covered with buds.Foliage is ovoid, wedge-shaped at the base, changes color from green to golden yellow in autumn.

The birch hangs in May with yellowish earrings. Fruits in the end of summer with oblong oval nuts with wings. In landscape design, these types of birch are used:

  • Karelian;
  • Fastigiata;
  • Yungi;
  • Purpurea;
  • Gracilis;
  • Laciniate;
  • Tristis;
  • Trostz Dwarf.

Juniper

In the category of plants of the genus Juniperus are mainly dwarf species of ornamental trees and shrubs of medium size, the name of which can be found in any specialty store. Juniper varieties vary according to the shape of the crown and the color of the needles. It can be greenish, yellow or even blue shrubs.

The juniper grows to a height of 8 meters in height, and the crown can spread out to 5 meters in diameter. These shrubs have no special requirements for the soil, but are very fond of the sun.

Important! In shaded places, juniper species will grow poorly.

Trim the juniper is not necessary, and it enjoys demand due to unpretentiousness and ease of care. In the autumn an ​​additional decoration appears on the shrub - blue-black fruit.

Apple tree royalties

This decorative variety is not high (in 10 years it grows only up to 3-4 meters), often taking the form of a shrub. The crown of the young apple trees Royalty compact, oval. If not cut, it eventually takes the form of a ball or a distorted oval.

The leaves are oblong, oval, have a red-violet tint, which is not typical for an apple tree. In autumn, the foliage brightens and turns crimson. If the branches are abundantly covered with leaves, they become purple below and green above. As a result, the crown becomes even more peculiar. For the first two weeks of May, the Apple tree Royalty is a beautiful scarlet or ruby ​​large flower that exudes a pleasant aroma. The beauty of flowering this tree can be compared with the Japanese sakura.

Fruits appear immediately after flowering. They are small, smaller cherries, oblong. After ripening, they turn purple or dark red and become covered with a bluish bloom. Together with the leaves, the fruits create a chic "fiery" landscape.

Important! Fruits of apple royals tasteless, bitter and astringent, can cause poisoning.

Prefers this ornamental tree to moderately moist, fertile soil.It tolerates cold, although during long frosts the kidneys may freeze.

Maple

Those who are looking for original ornamental trees for the garden should pay attention to the maple. This tree is actively used in landscape design. Red-leafed maple species are especially popular. In the autumn, against the backdrop of a golden garden, they literally blaze with fire. In addition to purple foliage, the maple has a beautiful columnar, round or oval (depending on the variety) crown. Foliage - carved, gives the crown openwork.

Maple looks great in the garden, in group or single planting and in compositions with large boulders.

The most spectacular varieties:

  • Hand-shaped (fan).
  • Shirasawa.
  • Japanese.
  • The Holly Globocum.
Maple loves penumbra and does not tolerate the sun. Under favorable conditions, it grows to 6 meters and forms a crown up to 5-6 meters in diameter. The soil is not demanding, it grows on any place.

Chestnut

If you want to have an unpretentious spreading tree with a thick crown, you should pay attention to the chestnut. This is a genus of trees and shrubs, numbering more than 30 species.

All forms of chestnuts are characterized by large fan-shaped leaves and unique erect inflorescences in the form of candles. The flowers are white, with pink or dark red patches.During flowering chestnut attracts bees. Another distinctive feature of this tree is large, leathery boxes that crack when ripe and release shiny chocolate seeds.

All types of chestnuts are shade-tolerant, but they feel better in open, well-lit areas. The soil is preferred neutral or loam. They do not like drought and require additional watering (especially at a young age).

Chestnuts are fairly resistant to urban conditions, are immune to various diseases and pests.

Did you know? Only the fruits of chestnut seed are edible; horse fruits are not suitable for food. In addition, although these chestnuts are similar, but in fact they are not relatives and belong to different families.

El Glauka

Spruce - the queen of the forest, who love the master of landscape design. Needle dark green and blue foliage transforms any composition and gives a highlight to the design. Ate harmoniously among stunted shrubs or flowering perennials.

Glauka - decorative spruce, bred by breeding. It is a bonsai that does not have a well-formed trunk.Krone - sprawling, spherical. The branches are abundantly dotted with elegant silver-blue needles. Emerging cones give ate a special attraction. Glauka is often used to decorate urban landscapes, complements park alleys. Spruce prefers fertile alkaline soil, does not like waterlogging, so the site will require drainage.

Did you know? Phytoncides emitted by spruces effectively purify the air and have a healing effect on the body.

Acacia

Flowering trees - a fascinating and unforgettable sight. For those who want to enjoy not only an unforgettable color, but also a delicious aroma, experts recommend growing white acacia (robinia) on their plots.

White acacia grows up to 25 meters in height and spreads the crown to 12 meters. Usually for the cultivation of acacia is needed a spacious plot, but at present there are several sparse varieties of this plant.

At the beginning of summer white clusters of flowers appear among the foliage of Robinia (moreover, the white acacia has varieties, the flowers of which have different shades). Robinia loves the sun, and it is better to plant it in a well-permeable soil.In this case, the land can be dry and barren.

Pruning is not recommended. And with a small area of ​​the plot it is better for gardeners to pay attention to the spherical acacia of Umbragulifera. Such a plant does not grow above 6 meters.

Important! Acacia forms numerous root shoots.

Apple tree weeping

This tree is distinguished by a graceful drop-down crown. Weeping apple growing poorly, grows up to 3-5 meters.

In spring, large cherry-red flowers appear on the tree, concentrated in several pieces on a single stem. Flowering lasts 10-14 days, after which small (15 mm in diameter) fruits appear. At maturity, they acquire a burgundy hue and are covered with a light wax coating. Long stay on the branch, can stay all winter.

Foliage at blooming reddish, gradually acquires a dark green shade. In the autumn does not turn yellow and falls green. Prefers apple weeping fertile soil and light areas. Fairly frost-resistant, tolerates urban conditions.

Willow

We associate this tree with spring. His furry "seals" just touching. Willow - one of the first plants that dissolve their leaves under the spring rays.And not only it attracts in this tree - it does not require special care and generously gives a lush crown and surprises with a graceful bend.

Did you know? Fluffy "seals" appear only on the male trees. On female inflorescences imperceptible and painted green.
It may surprise many, but there are many varieties of willow:

  • goats;
  • weeping;
  • white;
  • lokolistnaya;
  • shaggy;
  • creeping silver;
  • whole leaf;
  • willow of Matsuda;
  • alpine;
  • Sakhalin (in Germany it is called the Dragon Tree);
  • spear-shaped.
The young silver-gray willow leaves also attract attention. In spring, they are amazingly beautiful and change their shade to matt green only in summer.

Annual pruning of the willow will help keep it small. In general, all types of willows grow well near water bodies.

It would seem that many ornamental plants do not carry any practical functions: they do not produce crops, they do not serve as a fence, some are so small that they do not cover them from the sun. But the main task - to decorate the gardens - they cope on a solid top five.

Loading...