Berry strawberry loved by many. There are many varieties of plants, each of which has its own characteristics: taste, appearance, yield. The strawberry variety Elizabeth 2 is preferred by many gardeners, and this is due precisely to its qualities.
- Description varieties "Elizabeth 2", why such popularity
- How to grow strawberries from seed
- How to choose a good seedlings
- Rules of landing "Elizabeth 2"
- Features of growth and care for strawberries varieties "Elizabeth 2"
Description varieties "Elizabeth 2", why such popularity
Strawberry Elizabeth 2 has the following characteristics (the description of the variety plays an important role when choosing a culture for breeding):
- high yield;
- large berries with a varnished surface and red flesh;
- dessert flavor: the berries are sweet and aromatic.
If you do not remove flower stalks, Elizabeth 2 forms 3-5 whiskers with 2-3 rosettes during the season, which is associated with the waste of forces on the formation of the harvest. Peduncles are located below the level of the leaves and bend under the weight of the berries.
In this variety, many are attracted to repair. Harvest from Elizabeth 2 can be harvested from the beginning of summer until mid-autumn. The berries are tasty and fragrant, but the harvest, ripened in June-July, has a sweeter taste than September.
This variety of berries is resistant to diseases and pests.
How to grow strawberries from seed
To grow strawberries from seed, you have to spend a lot of energy. But this method is quite effective and allows you to get the plant of the desired variety. The process of growing strawberries Elizabeth 2 from seeds involves the implementation of several successive actions:
- capacity for seedlings need to be filled with soil at 12 cm;
- moisten the soil with water before planting seeds;
- spread the seeds evenly on the surface and press them to the ground;
The soil must provide air access, for which daily glass or film, which covered the seeds, you need to lift.
The duration of the procedure is 8-10 minutes a day. Also, the soil should be moistened, for which it is convenient to use a spray bottle.
When the seedlings release the second leaf, they will have to dive into separate cups. Watering plants should be done carefully so that the rosette does not turn black and the plant does not die.
For seedlings of Elizabeth 2, lighting is very important. In case of insufficient amount of natural light, it is necessary to arrange additional lighting.
Before planting seedlings in the ground (about 2 weeks), it must be adapted to outdoor conditions. To this end, the seedlings are taken out into the street and left there for some time. Over time, the length of stay of seedlings on the street gradually increase.
Somewhere on the 120th day after the seedlings emerge, the seedlings of Elizabeth 2 can be planted in a permanent place. Plants that were grown from seed produce a crop in the first year, but closer to September.
How to choose a good seedlings
In the summer, strawberry seedlings are very actively sold. As soon as sockets take root, nurseries begin to distribute seedlings. Planting in July is considered the most important, since at the end of August of this year flower buds are formed, which are the key to the next year’s crop.
In the fall, nurseries also sell strawberry seedlings, but it is already cheaper. Usually, for most varieties, autumn planting does not allow for the formation of a flower bud, although Elizabeth 2 does not concern this.
Spring is considered a good season for planting strawberries. Overwintered seedlings take root well. The only thing: there is not a large selection of seedlings in nurseries, so it is important to know the main features of high-quality seedlings.
Signs of a good seedling:
- leaves are saturated green, shiny, edged or leathery;
- seedlings with an open root system has a root length of at least 7 cm;
- directly affects the development of plants and the thickness of the horn (the thicker it is, the more the berries will be, and the lower limit is a value of 0.7 cm);
- seedlings in cups and cassettes should have a well-developed root system, which has already managed to fully master the volume of the pot. This can be checked by pulling the plant out of the container by gently pulling the leaf stalks;
- peat pot with strawberry seedlings should be rooted out.
- shriveled young leaves, leaves do not unfold to the end - a sign of the presence of strawberry mite;
- pale leaves speak of a dangerous disease of late blight necrosis of the horns. Such plants die;
- dots on strawberry leaves are mushroom spots.
Rules of landing "Elizabeth 2"
Strawberry Elizabeth 2 feels good in the open field, greenhouses and when grown at home (or in greenhouses). In greenhouses, fruits ripen faster.
The variety Elizabeth 2 has one feature: the older the bush, the smaller the berries. In this regard, it is recommended to plant new beds in the fall, so that for the next season you can get the plants formed ready for fruiting.
However, when planting strawberries in the autumn, it should be covered from the cold. For this purpose, special dry shelters are built (as for roses). Strawberry breeding occurs with rosettes growing on the plant's mustache.
You can drop Elizabeth 2 from spring to autumn. The optimal time is midsummer (August). A month before planting, it is desirable to prepare the soil. To do this, use organic or mineral fertilizers (for example, "Kemira"), which are taken at the rate of 70-80 grams per 1 sq. M.
The Queen Elizabeth 2 repair strawberry is very demanding on soil fertility. Therefore, the stage with fertilizer is important for the yield of the plant.
The distance between strawberry bushes should be 20-25 cm, and between rows - 65-70 cm. If the landing is two-line, then the distance between two rows can be 25-30 cm.
Features of growth and care for strawberries varieties "Elizabeth 2"
Since the strawberry Elizabeth 2 blooms and bears fruit for quite a long time, planting and caring for it require special attention.
First of all, the plant must be constantly fed. Fertilizers containing potassium and nitrogen are excellent for this task, and when preparing the soil for transplanting, it is fertilized with phosphorus.
Secondly, recommended frequent watering, thanks to which grow large berries.
Standard measures such as loosening the soil and removing weeds are also useful for this variety. Soil mulching is produced by humus, straw, sawdust. It is also recommended to use organic fertilizers, which are difficult to overfeed strawberries.
During fruiting, the berry must be fed once a week. Continuous feeding is carried out with potassium and nitrogen and helps the plant to produce a quality crop.
To get big berries, the first spring peduncles need to be removed. Strawberry leaves are removed before hibernation, after which it is covered from the cold.
Strawberry seedlings Elizabeth 2 is better to buy in specialized nurseries, to be sure of the originality of the acquired seedlings. Further, having grown strawberries on your plot, it will be possible to propagate it with a mustache.